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County Judge



The County Judge is the most visible official in county government. As the county’s chief executive officer, the County Judge has broad judicial and administrative powers, including serving as the presiding officer of the county’s policy-making body, the Commissioners Court. The County Judge, called the "Chief Justice" by early Texas constitutions, was appointed by the Congress of the Republic of Texas until the office was made elective in 1841. Today’s office of the County Judge was established in the 1876 Constitution, which stated that “there shall be elected in each county, by the qualified voters, a county judge, who shall be well informed in the law of the State, shall be a conservator of the peace, and shall hold his office for two years, and until his successor shall be elected and qualified.” A constitutional amendment passed in 1954 increased the term of office to four years. The main duties of the County Judge are to serve as chief administrator, presiding officer of the Commissioners' Court, and budgeting officer of the county. As presiding officer and voting member of the Commissioners Court, the County Judge works with the other four members of the Court to exercise administrative authority over county government operations. A major responsibility of the Commissioners Court relates to setting the county budget. During budget development, the Commissioners Court must consider the funding necessary for county offices to carry out their duties. The Commissioners Court is responsible for many other functions, including: supervision and control the county courthouse, county buildings and facilities; determining county tax rates; filling vacancies in elected and appointed positions; building and maintaining county roads and bridges; letting contracts in the name of the county; administering and making key decisions regarding libraries, county hospitals, welfare programs, parks and playgrounds. The County Judge performs a wide range of other duties. As chief county judicial officer over the constitutional county court, the County Judge has jurisdiction over all temporary hospitalization commitments and certain juvenile and probate matters. Other responsibilities include conducting hearings for beer and wine license applications, calling elections, posting election notices, and canvassing the election returns. The County Judge serves as the county's Emergency Management Director, serves on the Juvenile Board and the County Bail Bond Board, and performs marriages.

Found in 2 Collections and/or Records:

County Judge Records

 Collection — other: all
Identifier: 01-CR23
Scope and Contents

Records of the County Judge, including hiring bonds (convict labor records).

Dates: 1890-1896; Other: Date acquired: 2009-07-23

Mike Renfro Papers

 Collection — other: 64 boxes
Identifier: 02-MS04

The arrangement is based on the original order in which the collection was received. Commissioners Court Agendas are arranged mostly by type, divided into regular, special, and work sessions. Though, some years of the agendas were grouped together by month and maintain this order in the collection. Subject Files maintain the same year-based and alphabetical order used by Renfro's office.

Dates: 1975-1989; 1975-1986

Additional filters:

Commissioners Court 1
County Jail 1